I. The Republic of Poland

Art. 1.

(1) The Polish State is the common weal of all its citizens.

(2) Resurrected by the efforts and sacrifices of its worthiest sons it is to be bequeathed as a historic heritage from generation to generation.

(3) It is the duty of each generation to increase the power and authority of the State by its own efforts.

(4) For the fulfilment of this duty each generation is responsible to posterity with its honour and good name.

Art. 2.

(1) The President of the Republic stands at the head of the State.

(2) The responsibility before God and history for the destinies of the State rests on him.

(3) His supreme duty is to care for the welfare of the State, for its readiness to meet attack and for its position among the nations of the world.

(4) The one and indivisible authority of the State is united in his person.

Art. 3.

(1) The organs of the State subordinate to the President are the Government, the Seym, the Senate, the Armed Forces, the Courts of Justice, the State Control.

2) Their supreme task is to serve the Republic.

Art. 4.

(1) The life of the community rests upon and forms itself within the framework of the State.

(2) The State assures free development of community life and, when public welfare requires this, directs and coordinates its conditions.

(3) The State shall establish a territorial and economic self-government for participation in the accomplishment of the tasks of collective life.

Art. 5.

(1) The creativeness of every individual citizen is the lever of collective life.

(2) The State assures its citizens the possibility of developing their personal capabilities, as also liberty of conscience, speech and assembly.

(3) The limit of these liberties is the common good.

Art. 6.

It is the duty of the citizens to be loyal to the State and faithfully to discharge obligations imposed upon them by it.

Art. 7.

(1) The rights of a citizen to influence public affairs will be estimated according to the value of his efforts and services for the common good.

(2) These rights cannot be restricted by origin, religion, sex, or nationality.

Art. 8.

(1) Labour is the basis for the development and power of the Republic.

(2) The State extends protection over labour and supervises its conditions.

Art. 9.

The State aims at uniting all its citizens in harmonious cooperation for the common good.

Art. 10.

(1) No activity shall be counter to the aims of the State, as expressed in its laws.

(2) In case of resistance the State applies means of compulsion.