X. The State Administration
(1) The State administration is a public service.
(2) The State administration is executed by: (a) the Government administration, (b) the territorial self-government, (c) the economic self-government.
(1) For purposes of general administration the State shall be divided territorially into administrative areas, namely, into voivodships, counties and urban and rural communes.
(2) The division into voivodships requires a legislative act.
(3) Urban communes can under conditions defined by law constitute a county or city voivodship.
The organization of general Government administration and particularly the competence of its organs shall be determined by a decree of the President of the Republic.
(1) In accordance with the division of the State into administrative areas there are established, for purposes of State administration within the scope of local needs, voivodship, county and communal local-governments.
(2) The local-governments have the right, within the limits defined by law, to issue for their areas measures binding upon confirmation by the competent supervisory authority.
(3) For the execution of special tasks the territorial local-governments can be united in unions.
(4) The law can acknowledge such unions as public-legal entities.
(5) The supervision over the activity of local - governments is exercised by the Government through its organs or through the superior organs of local-government.
(1) For particular fields of economic life there shall be established economic self-government consisting of Chambers of agriculture, commerce and industry, handicrafts, labour, free professions and other incorporated associations.
(2) By special laws those chambers can be joined in associations and acknowledged as legal entities.
(3) For the consideration of problems relating to the whole of economic life, for the expression of opinion on drafts of economic legislation and for harmonizing the activities in the particular branches of the national economy a Supreme Economic Chamber may be called into being by law.
(4) Supervision over the activities of economic self-government is exercised by the Government through its organs established for that purpose.