III. The Government
(1) The Government directs the affairs of State which are not reserved for the other organs of authority.
(2) The Government consists of the Prime Minister and the Ministers.
(3) The Prime Minister represents the Government, directs its works and determines the general principles of State policy.
(4) The Ministers direct their respective departments of State administration, or execute special tasks entrusted to them.
(5) The organization of the Government and in particular, the scope of activity of the Prime Minister and of the Council of Ministers and of the Ministers shall be defined by a decree of the President of the Republic.
For the purpose of passing on matters requiring the decision of all the members of the Government, the Ministers form the Council of Ministers, (the Cabinet), with the Prime Minister as chairman.
(1) The Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers and the Ministers have the right to issue orders for the execution of legislative acts and in reference to such acts.
(2) These orders shall not be contrary to the legislative acts and shall be promulgated in the Official Journal of Laws.
The Prime Minister and the Ministers are politically responsible to the President of the Republic and may be dismissed by him at any time.
(1) The Seym, in exercising its right of parliamentary control over the activities of the Government, may demand the resignation of the Cabinet or of a Minister.
(2) It is only during an ordinary session that such a motion can be made; it cannot be voted upon during the same sitting during which it was proposed.
(3) Should the motion pass in the Seym by an ordinary majority vote, and the President of the Republic does not in three days dismiss the Cabinet or the Minister, nor dissolve the Legislative Chambers, the motion shall be examined by the Senate during its nearest session.
(4) Should the Senate vote for the motion which has been passed by the Seym, the President of the Republic shall dismiss the Cabinet or the Minister, unless he dissolves the Seym and the Senate.
(1) Independently of the political responsibility of the Prime Minister and the Ministers to the President of the Republic, and their parliamentary responsibility to the Seym, they are constitutionally responsible before the Tribunal of State for wilfully violating the Constitution or any other legislative act in connexion with their functions.
(2) The right to invoke constitutional responsibility of the Prime Minister or of a Minister is vested in the President of the Republic as also in the Seym and Senate in joint session.
(3) The decision of the combined Chambers to arraign the Prime Minister or a Minister before the Tribunal of State requires a three-fifths majority in the presence of at least one-half of the statutory number of members of the combined Chambers.